10+ Squat Programs to Increase Your 1RM Strength

Here is a list of all the squat programs currently available in our workout log app.

These programs are all primarily aimed at increasing your squat strength. But, since muscle mass is a key factor for long-term strength gains, they will also grow your leg muscles.

Which Squat Program Should You Choose?

How do you know if you are a beginner, intermediate, or advanced lifter?

While there are many ways to classify training level, I like these definitions from Practical Programming:

  • Beginner: Gets significantly stronger from workout to workout.
  • Intermediate: Gets significantly stronger from week to week, or bi-weekly.
  • Advanced: Gets significantly stronger from month to month, or longer.

By “significantly stronger” I mean that you can add 2.5 kg (or 5 lb) and do the same number of reps or use the same weight but do more reps.

Beginner Squat Programs


  • Beginner Squat Program. 2x/week. A super simple yet effective beginner squat program that will give you quick gains and a great start to your squat career.


  • Beginner Powerlifting Program. 3x/week. The same squat training as in our beginner squat program, but combined with training for the bench press and deadlift.

Intermediate Squat Programs


  • Intermediate Squat Program. 2x/week. A squat program for the intermediate lifter who has left the beginner phase behind but is not yet ready for advanced squat training. The purpose of this program is to increase your squat strength and build bigger leg muscles.


  • Russian Squat Routine. 3x/week. A hard but effective training program aimed at increasing your strength in the squat (or any other lift you choose to use it for) in six weeks. Enter your 1RM into the calculator, and we’ll generate the program for you.
  • Intermediate Powerlifting Program. 3x/week. An intermediate powerlifting program combining training for the squat, bench press, and deadlift. The same squat training as in the intermediate squat program, but with fewer squat assistance exercises.
  • Madcow 5×5. 3x/week. This a classic workout routine for intermediate lifters looking to gain strength and muscle quickly. You squat three times per week but also train the bench press, deadlift, and more. This is a great next program after you’ve exhausted your beginner gains on a linear progression program.

Advanced Squat Programs


  • Advanced Squat Program. 2x/week. A squat program for the advanced lifter, who needs to do a lot of training in order to progress. Nine weeks long and ends in a short peaking phase and a max attempt.


  • Advanced Powerlifting Program. 3x/week. An advanced powerlifting program combining training for the squat, bench press, and deadlift. The same squat training as in the advanced squat program, but with fewer squat assistance exercises.
  • Powerlifting Polka. 3, 4, or 6x/week. One of our most popular and effective powerlifting programs. It is six weeks long and comes in three versions: 3, 4, and 6 days per week. Powerlifting Polka is a mash-up of some of our most popular programs for the three big lifts: Squat Samba, Bench Press Boogie, and Deadlift Disco.
  • Powerlifting ABC. 3–4x/week. An 11-week long powerlifting program, divided into four weeks of preparatory training, four weeks of specialization, and three weeks of peaking – which culminates in a competition (or max attempts).

Follow These Squat Programs in The StrengthLog App

Want to give our squat training programs a go?

They’re available exclusively in our workout log app.

While some of our programs require a premium subscription, StrengthLog is free. You can download it and use it as a workout tracker and general strength training app – and all basic functionality is free forever.

Download StrengthLog for free with the buttons below:

Download StrengthLog Workout Log on App Store
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Frequently Asked Questions

For the rest of this article, I’ll attempt to answer some of the most frequently asked questions about our squat programs.

How Do I Know What My 1RM Is?

Many of our programs are 1RM based. Meaning, that we specify how much weight you should lift in terms of percentage of 1RM.

For example:

“4 sets x 2 reps x 80% of 1RM”

Of course, the app calculates this for you, but you still have to enter your 1RM at the beginning of the program.

Squat Program 1RM
When you start a percentage-based program, you’ll get to enter your squat 1RM, and we’ll calculate the training weights for you.

Your 1RM is the heaviest weight you can currently lift for a single repetition. It does not necessarily have to be the same thing as your PR (personal record).


You hit a squat PR of 100 kg (220 lb) last year. At that point, 100 kg was both your PR and your 1RM. Then you eased up on squat training for several months and dropped a bit of strength. At this point, your PR is still 100 kg, but your 1RM might be 90 kg.

If you’re unsure of your current one-rep max, you can use our 1RM calculator to get an estimate. Take the results with a grain of salt, though, and use your best judgment.

Then, you enter your 1RM in the app upon following a program and starting the first workout.

Do the prescribed weights seem a little too light or too heavy? Adjust your entered 1RM up or down by a small amount, until the weights feel about right.

Note that a common theme in most of our strength-focused training programs is that you seldom push yourself to failure. Most of the time, you will terminate your sets far from failure, which might seem odd if you’ve never trained like that before.

The reason is simple:

Stopping further from failure generally allows for a higher total training volume and also for better technique practice. If you were to go balls to the wall in every set, you would have a hard time training enough to make progress, especially at the intermediate or advanced level.

So: enter your best guess at your current 1RM, and then make small adjustments in your first or second workout until the weight feels right.

1RM Calculator: Calculate Your One Rep Max

How to Make the Most out of These Squat Training Programs

Here are some tips and things you can do to improve your chances of successfully increasing your squat max from one of our programs.

1. Enter a Proper 1RM

Enter a 1RM that is neither too heavy nor too light.

You want to be able to perform all reps with a solid technique, and don’t fail any workouts.

When in doubt, err on the lighter side. It is far better to complete every single workout of a training program that was 2.5 kg (5 lb) too light, than bomb out in week two because the weight was too heavy.

You can bump up the weight by a few percentages for your next cycle of the program, and light cycles are excellent for engraining proper technique and improving your training capacity.

2. Practice Proper Squat Form

If you’re going to do a lot of squat training over the following weeks or months, make sure you do it properly.

Don’t practice a thousand reps with poor form. Rather, take the opportunity to engrain a strong, stable, and effective technique.

Check out our guide on how to squat with proper form, and use a weight that is light enough so that 95% of all reps you do look like you want them to look.

3. Prioritize the Squat

These are squat specialization programs. And as such, you should prioritize the squat when you’re on one of them.

If you are pushing the squat hard, then maybe your deadlift and bench press need to be put on the back burner for a while. Even if you can handle the training physically, it might be mentally draining to try to improve in several lifts simultaneously once you’re at a high level.

Make room for the squat in both your training and in your other priorities, and you will see the greatest gains.

4. Eat for Muscle Growth

Muscle mass correlates strongly with strength and is one of the most important drivers of additional strength gains.

But muscle don’t appear out of thin air. You need to supply your body with the building blocks and nutrients it needs in order to grow optimally.

You’ll build the most muscle and strength when you’re in a caloric surplus, i.e. eating above your maintenance level.

If you don’t want to do that, you can still build some muscle and strength if you’re eating at or around your maintenance level of calories.

What you’ll want to avoid is eating less than your caloric requirement. That makes building muscle and gaining strength a whole lot harder, and our squat programs are not intended to be trained in a caloric deficit.

Eat for muscle growth, and keep a high protein intake.

5. Get Enough Sleep

Similar to eating enough, you’ll get a lot less of everything if you don’t sleep enough.

Most adults require between 7–9 hours per night, and hard training won’t decrease that.

Sleep less than required, and you should expect subpar results.

What Weight Should I Use in the Assistance Exercises?

Many of the programs include common powerlifting assistance exercises to improve your squat.

Contrary to the squat, the assistance exercises don’t have percentages of 1RM specifying which weight you should use; we only specify the number of sets and reps.

What you should do is find a weight that lets you complete all sets and reps with good form. Then, when the next workout with that same assistance lift rolls around, you try to improve on what you did last time by increasing the weight or doing one more rep.

What About Training for the Rest of My Body?

Some of the squat specialization programs offer training for the rest of your lower body, but none offer training for your upper body muscles.

Add upper body training if you want to; just make sure not to disrupt the squat training if that is your priority.

If you want a comprehensive, full-body powerlifting program, check out our powerlifting programs or maybe Madcow 5×5. Or, for the newer lifter, our upper/lower split or Zero to Hero. All are available in the app!

I Followed Your Program but Didn’t Improve. What’s Wrong?

Sorry to hear it, buddy!

The first order of business is to check out the list under How to Make the Most out of These Programs and be honest with yourself.

Most times when people don’t improve, it’s because they:

  • Entered a far too heavy 1RM, which made every workout a struggle.
  • Trained with sloppy and inconsistent technique, which robbed them of actually practicing the lift.
  • Tried to improve a hundred different things at once, forgetting they were doing a squat specialization program.
  • Were eating and sleeping like crap.

Set yourself up for success by following the simple guidelines mentioned earlier.

But what if you did follow these guidelines? What if you did everything by the book and still didn’t improve?

Then, likely the training stimulus was ill-suited to what you needed.

  • Either it was too much training for your current level and you would benefit from following a program with slightly lower training volume.
  • Or it was too little training for your current level, and you need to pick things up a notch.

I Followed Your Program and Made Great Gains! What Now?

We’re glad to hear it!

If you made nice progress, and believe that you could benefit from another round of the same program, then bump up your 1RM slightly and go at it again.

You don’t necessarily have to enter your actual new 1RM. For instance, if you increase your 1RM by 10 kg, it might be enough only to enter a 5 kg higher 1RM. That will give you heavier training weights throughout the whole program, and will probably be enough to trigger more growth.

Remember that training is not about training as hard as possible, but training only as hard as is necessary. Keeping some of those kilos in the bag might set you up for longer-term progress and lower the risk of injury.

If you made nice progress, but don’t think you’d benefit from another round of the same program (or don’t want to do the same thing again), then look for another program. Ideally, one that is a step up in training volume if you feel like you can handle it.

Or, conversely, if you feel like you need a break from hard training, run a cycle of an easier program before you push the pedal to the metal again.


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